メモ 20221026

Tocharian D is a language that was spoken until around the 6th century in the region straddling southeastern Kazakhstan and northern Kyrgyzstan (Kurguzstan). It is classified in the Tocharian branch of the Indo-European language family. The language is known to have had an agglutinative character. It is one of the dead languages. Johann S. Munchausen, a researcher of Tocharian D, claims that it is the language of Wusun, which existed around Lake Issyk (present-day Kyrgyzstan).
A manuscript dating from 300-500 A.D., written in the Greek-like Wusun script and the Brahmi-like Tocharian script, has been found in the ruins of a fortress at the bottom of Lake Balhash and in the remains of a city at the northern foot of the Tien Shan Mountains.

Phonology
Vowels

Consonants

Morphology
トカラ語A, Bと異なり、トカラ語Dは大体印欧祖語の体系を引き継いでいる。
Noun
印欧祖語から引き継いだ主格、対格、属格、与格、具格、呼格の6つの格のほか、接尾辞によって

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Pub: 26 Oct 2022 03:51 UTC
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