Albert Camus' interpretation of the Sisyphus myth centers around the concept of the Absurd, which refers to the conflict between humans' search for meaning and the apparent meaninglessness of the universe.
In "The Myth of Sisyphus," Camus presents Sisyphus' endless task as a metaphor for human life. Just as Sisyphus is condemned to ceaselessly rolling a rock to the top of a mountain only for it to roll back down, humans strive for meaning, purpose, and clarity in a world that offers none. This endless cycle and its inherent futility is what Camus describes as the Absurd.
However, Camus doesn't view this realization as a cause for despair. Instead, he believes that by acknowledging and embracing the Absurd, one can find personal freedom and authenticity. In his view, Sisyphus achieves happiness in the very act of his struggle, in the acknowledgment and acceptance of his fate. He is, as Camus puts it, "the absurd hero." Sisyphus' ceaseless labor is seen as a form of rebellion against the gods who condemned him.
Camus' philosophical view, often labeled as Absurdism, suggests that life is inherently meaningless, but this doesn't mean life can't be lived or enjoyed. Instead of turning to suicide or hope (like belief in a higher power or afterlife), Camus suggests that we should face the Absurd directly and continue living.
In his work, Camus explores themes of existentialism, but he himself didn't identify as an existentialist. His philosophy is a nuanced take on the human condition, focusing on the personal empowerment that comes from accepting the Absurd. He suggests that life, in all its chaos and lack of meaning, can still be filled with rich, vivid experiences, and we can find joy and satisfaction within this.