Volapükのphonotactics

Zhang, Yutong, "A Phonological Analysis of the Word-Borrowing Process in Volapük" (2021). Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses. 30.
https://openscholarship.wustl.edu/undergrad_etd/30

単語の音節構造

68.5%が単音節、28.9%が二音節

語頭

語頭は2.5%が母音、77.2%が単子音、20.2%が二重子音
/br/, /bl/, /dr/, /fl/, /fr/, /ɡl/, /ɡr/, /ɡz/, /kl/, /kr/, /kv/, /pl/, /pr/, /tr/, /zk/, /zl/, /zm/, /zp/, /zt/, /zv/
/ztr/

/zk/, /zp/, /zt/, /ztr/以外は聞こえ度配列法則(SSP)に従う

SSP: Vowels > Glides > Liquids > Nasals > Fricatives > Affricatives > Stops

語尾

語尾は8%が母音、89.4%が単子音、2.6%が二重子音
/kt/, /ld/, /lf/, /lt/, /mp/, /nd/, /nk/, /nt/, /rg/, /rk/, /rm/, /rn/, /rt/, /zk/, /zt/

/kt/以外は聞こえ度配列法則(SSP)に従う
/z/, /ʒ/, /dz/, /dʒ/, /gz/は複数形接尾辞/-z/と混ざるのでだめ

母音

母音の頻度
/e/ 20.3%
/i/ 20.3%
/a/ 16.9%
/o/ 13.6%
/u/ 10.4%
/ɛ/ 7.2%
/y/ 6.1%
/ø/ 5.2%
ウムラウト付の母音は他より少なめ

二重母音

/ei/ 21.5%
/ie/ 13.1%
/ai/ 8.5%
/ia/ 6.9%
/ea/ 5.4%
/oe/ 4.6%
/io/ 4.6%
/oa/ 3.9%
/au/ 3.9%
/ui/ 3.1%
/iɛ/ 3.1%
/eo/ 2.3%
/ɛi/ 2.3%
/ya/ 1.5%
/uɛ/ 1.5%
/ey/ 1.5%
/ue/ 1.5%
/eu/ 1.5%
/oi/ 1.5%
/ou/ 1.5%
/ye/ 0.8%
/ae/ 0.8%
/ao/ 0.8%
/iu/ 0.8%
/ua/ 0.8%
/yɛ/ 0.8%
/iø/ 0.8%
/ɛɛ/ 0.8%
「二重母音の発生途中の段階」らしい。ふーん

Edit
Pub: 12 Feb 2023 15:01 UTC
Edit: 12 Feb 2023 15:04 UTC
Views: 79