Choice of thesis and arguments
A short essay, as an argumentative text , must present a thesis, that is, a statement whose general significance must be demonstrated, accompanied by arguments, that is, reasoning or data given to demonstrate it. Already in the process of conception, the student must come to develop his thesis and related arguments . To do this, the following operations may be suggested:
Ask yourself what your personal opinion is on the subject, whether you have had ideas about it before, whether you have changed them while reading the documentation, whether you have any doubts, etc. ;
carefully re-read the notes you took after you reviewed the domywriting review to find others' opinions, with which you can compare your own;
formulate your own interpretation of the question; do not be afraid to be original at all costs;
it is also possible to use the interpretations of others (present in the documentation or others studied elsewhere) or modify them in part;
summarize that interpretation as a statement of general significance . Even if it is possible that some ideas will change during the write, it is nevertheless important that he immediately identify the thesis or at least choose the position in his opinion the most convincing of the possible.
In addition to the thesis, he may also begin to identify subplots , that is, points at which the thesis can be formulated, especially if it deals with a large and complex problem.
He must hypothesize objections that the imaginary interlocutor could counter the thesis ( antithesis ).
Consequently, he must reflect on possible arguments, i.e. on the evidence that must be presented in support of the thesis and refutation of the antithesis. These can be concrete facts (natural phenomena, historical events, news events, numerical data, results of statistics and research) as well as abstract reasoning .
Arguments usually involve some fundamental method of reasoning:
The deductive reasoning method proceeds from general principles, presumably shared assumptions, or certain axioms, and, through a series of inferences, arrives at indisputable conclusions. Its most characteristic form of exposition is the hypothetical "if ... then ..." period;
inductive reasoning, on the contrary, begins with the observation of particular cases in order to draw conclusions that are valid as a whole. The persuasive power of this type of reasoning is determined by the quality and quantity of observed cases;
abductive reasoning , similar to the inductive method, is also based on observation of cases, but in the absence of a large number of examples, it relies on a few clues;
finally, reasoning by analogy is based on comparing a known situation and an unknown situation, which must be similar to the former.
The development of the model series
The final operation in the design phase is represented by the construction of a ruler , that is, a list of clauses and subclauses arranged in vertical order that will serve as a schema for composing the text.
At this point, the student should carefully reread these remarks, which after reviewing your essay in payforessay, distinguishing between what seems appropriate, for the purpose of exhaustive information and demonstration of the thesis, and what is superfluous or misleading.
Concepts and related data should be linked and perhaps grouped by graphic signs (e.g., arrows, color highlighting, etc.) AND arranged according to a hierarchy of importance and sequence, corresponding to some logical criterion.
The queue is structured as a vertical list of items, possibly divided into sub-items, indicating further articulation of the discourse. Each item and sub-item should be given a number and a title (one word, one short sentence). If you are using a computer , you can use bulleted lists.
The line should be organized by following the basic structure of an argumentative text, which usually includes the following elements:
formulation of the question in the main information elements: to highlight, for example, in the introduction of the text or in the first paragraph of the central part;
the statement of the thesis , also in a prominent place: at the beginning of the text or in the conclusion, or reiterated in subsequent paragraphs;highlighting any contrary ;
in the following paragraphs the main arguments in favor of the thesis and refutation of the antithesis should be arranged, choosing the criterion of their sequence;
specific information elements should also be placed in the following paragraphs ;
the conclusion usually includes a summary of the arguments made and a confirmation of the thesis.
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