無名シベリア言語翻訳チャレンジ

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面倒なので以下の7言語のみを参照言語とする
Proto-Yeniseian
Proto-Uralic
Proto-Eskimo
Proto-Yukaghir
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Proto-Nivkh
Proto-Ainu

PK, PJはhttps://rentry.co/upxxu で参照した分だけ

課題文

“Praise Song of the Buck Hare”(テレウト人の口伝)

I am the buck-hare, I am,
The shore is my playground
Green underwood is my feeding,

単語

I(1.sg.nom.)

[bvm][iə][tdn][iuëoaə]?
例:minë

be(copula)

Proto-Yeniseian *hʌs-
Proto-Uralic *wole-
Proto-Eskimo *ət-
Proto-Yukaghir *öw-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *it-
Proto-Nivkh
Proto-Ainu *an
h ʌ s
w o l e
ə t
ö w
i t
a n

[fvwxɢ][ëa][ts]
例:wat-

male

Proto-Yeniseian *ɨχ(ʌ)
Proto-Uralic koj-ra (koje-ra)
Proto-Eskimo *nukatuɣaq
Proto-Yukaghir *olujərqə
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *qəlik
Proto-Nivkh *ar
Proto-Ainu *píìr=nÈ

hare

Proto-Yeniseian ʔaχ ~ ʔak
Proto-Uralic ńoma (ńoma-lɜ)
Proto-Eskimo *ukaðijʀ
Proto-Yukaghir *ńeːmə
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *milutæ
Proto-Nivkh *həjk
Proto-Ainu *ìsÈpÓ
ʔ a χ
ʔ a k
ń o m a l ɜ
u k a ð i j ʀ
ń e m ə
m i l u t æ
h ə j k
ì s È p Ó

→nafəj

shore

Proto-Yeniseian
Proto-Uralic
Proto-Eskimo ciŋðaʀ, qutəʀuq-, *cinə
Proto-Yukaghir
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *ærɣiŋ
Proto-Nivkh *ərkə(r)
Proto-Ainu *yá
c i ŋ ð a ʀ
q u t ə ʀ u q
c i n ə
æ r ɣ i ŋ
ə r k ə
y á

→cærɣəʀ

my(1.sg.gen.)

qem(1.sg. [bvm][iə][tdn][iuëoaə]?→minë、q[aə][tdsz]i?→qətiからnom. -në/gen. qə-)

playground

  • play
Proto-Yeniseian
Proto-Uralic *nalja
Proto-Eskimo *əna-
Proto-Yukaghir *l’oːðə-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *ujicvæt-
Proto-Nivkh *ler-
Proto-Ainu *sìnÓt
n a lj a
ə n a
l’ o ð ə
u j i c v æ t
l e r
s ì n Ó t

→naljat

  • field
Proto-Yeniseian *kʌb-
Proto-Uralic *kentä
Proto-Eskimo
Proto-Yukaghir *alaji-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *nutælqən
Proto-Nivkh *miv
Proto-Ainu *nup
k ʌ b
k e n t ä
a l a j i
n u t æ l q ə n
m i v
n u p

→nupajtä

green

Proto-Yeniseian
Proto-Uralic *piša
Proto-Eskimo cuŋaɣ-, cuŋaʀ-
Proto-Yukaghir ńoŋ-, saqa-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan
Proto-Nivkh
Proto-Ainu *síqùnìn
p i š a
c u ŋ a ɣ
c u ŋ a ʀ
ń o ŋ
s a q a
s í q ù n ì n

→šuŋa-

underwood

  • under-
Proto-Yeniseian *kan-
Proto-Uralic *ala
Proto-Eskimo *aci¹
Proto-Yukaghir *aːl
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *iwtəl(æ)-
Proto-Nivkh
Proto-Ainu *prÒ=k
k a n
a l a
a c i
a l
i w t ə l æ
p r Ò k

→tal

  • tree
Proto-Yeniseian ʔɔkse, xaʔq
Proto-Uralic karča, puwɜ
Proto-Eskimo uummaq, pəŋiʀ, qəðuɣ, napa(ʀ)aqtuʀ, *uqviɣ
Proto-Yukaghir loč-, köːma, sew-, nörkə-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan uttəmkə(n), ut(tə)
Proto-Nivkh d’iɣar, kəzm,
Proto-Ainu nii, tìkù=
ʔ ɔ k s e
x a ʔ q
k a r č a
p u w ɜ
u m a q
p ə ŋ i ʀ
q ə ð u ɣ
n a p a ʀ a q t u ʀ
u q v i ɣ
o č
k ö m a
s e w
n ö r k ə
u t ə m k ə n
u t ə
d’ i ɣ a r
k ə z m
n i
t ì k ù

→toqtəʀ

food

Proto-Yeniseian
Proto-Uralic
Proto-Eskimo nəqə, ap(p)a, *uɣuŋilaʀ
Proto-Yukaghir leɣ-, löɣ-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan *picɣə(n)
Proto-Nivkh
Proto-Ainu
n ə q ə
a p p a
u ɣ u ŋ i l a ʀ
l e ɣ
l ö ɣ
p i c ɣ ə n

→təklaɣ

  • または複合語で処理?
  • eat
Proto-Yeniseian *siɢ-
Proto-Uralic pala, sewe-
Proto-Eskimo
Proto-Yukaghir maː-, öŋkə-, *janpə-
Proto-Chukotko-Kamchatkan nu-, qametva-
Proto-Nivkh *n’i-
Proto-Ainu *EE

minë nafəj watem, minë watem.
cærɣəʀ qem naljat-nupajtä watep.
šuŋat tal-toqtəʀ qem təklaɣ watep.

Edit
Pub: 31 Dec 2022 15:04 UTC
Edit: 08 Jan 2023 08:00 UTC
Views: 94